Project No. 1. The experience of African Americans who endured slavery and their reflection upon and interaction with each other and white slaveholders, and religious clergy in the South. In the following readings, consider two different accounts of how slavery and religion intersect in the final decades of Southern slavery.
Document No. 1: Harriet Jacobs, Chapter 13 Harriet Jacobs - Church and Slavery.pdf from Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861). Why does she reference Nat Turner's rebellion? How does Jacobs describe and suggest that a clash of position was taking place between different preachers selected to preach to slaves? Why did slaveholders prefer certain preachers and certain denominations? What was the response of slaves to these preachers and how did they form their own preferences and responses through religion? What do the verses composed by slaves themselves, as reported by Jacobs, suggest about slave religion and resistance to conditions of slavery?
Document No. 2: Compare Harriet Jacobs' observations to the statements of
Project No. 2. Reflect upon the experience of the Cherokee, Choctaw and Winnebago Indians of the Southeastern United States and their forced removal by the Federal Government after 1830. In your essay consider their achievements and developments in the Southeast. What cultural developments and status of civilization and coexistence within the new republic were manifest among these tribes? Discuss the problem of their forced expulsion by the federal government and the Trail of Tears exodus and relocation. (Feel free to research and comment on other documents that may be found in these archives at the Library of Congress website on the Indian Removal.)
Document No. 1. Census report of 1828 as published in the Cherokee tribal newspaper, The Phoenix
Document No. 2. Article about the invention of the Cherokee alphabet, published in the Cherokee newspaper, The Phoenix (1820)
Document No. 3: Resolution of the Cherokee Nation of 1838 (note that in the article "Mr. Guess," the inventor of the alphabet is more commonly referred to and known by his Cherokee name, Sequoyah. Click here for an article on Sequoyah and his alphabet. For a collection of other issues of The Cherokee Phoenix click here. In particular look at the final issue of The Cherokee. In what ways does it reflect the deep political and cultural awareness of the Cherokee nation?